What are Pests?
Most humans are reluctant to share their existence with other organisms that compete for the neccessities of life and aggravate,annoy,disturb their comfort or damage their health or property. We call such organisms ‘pests’.
The presence of rats and mice in buildings is usually regarded as undesirable from the viewpoint of food spoliage and contamination,physical damage,and the transmission of diseases to humans.
Ants are social insects taht live in more or less permanent nests. Colony sizes vary enormously and are mostly located in soil, wood and among rocks. Their digestive system is for liquids, therefore dry foods are bought back to the nest for ‘treatment’ with saliva, fungi and moisture.
Cockroach infestation develop in and around buildings and other structures that provide food, shelter, and often the preferred conditions of temperature and humidity. They may be carried from place to place as live individuals or as egg cases, in foods and food packaging, luggage, furniture, buses, trains, ships, and aeroplanes.
Fleas control have achieved largely attributable to their “biting” habbit, which may cause mild to severe irritation or serve to transmit diseases. Fleas often become pests to workers in offices, factories and other commercial premises. Fleas prefer warm, humid conditions and hence are often a pest during summer.
Bed Bugs control in premises is usually detected by the irritation caused to sleepers, although blood spots on the sheets may be the first indication. Bed bugs are on of the true ‘bugs’; that is, they are insects belonging to order Hemiptera. They all have piercing and sucking mouthparts.
Silverfish are agile, fast-running, nocturnal insects that genrally shun light. They are found withing buildings, silverfish may be found almost anywhere. They feed on most types of human food, but seem to prefer starchy materials.
Spiders are given family names, as they classify many species, spiders that belong to a particular family often have similar structural and behavioural chracteristics.
Bees often leave commerical hives and settle in and around houses. Bees are danger to allergic people and their sting can cause irritation to the body, where as Wasps are day-flying insects. They can be caught and destroyed more easily and safely at night, when they have congregated on paper or mud nest.
Termites live in colonies, which are assemblages of different individuals with definite functions or tasks. They are mostly pale brown to white, have no constriction between thorax and abdomen, and have beaded antennae.